Duties and powers of the prime minister


In the parliamentary system, the Prime Minister is the head of government and the entire state system revolves around him. He is the leader of the majority party in parliament and is the source of power. He has more power than the president.

Relevant provisions

Article 46,91,95 of the constitution of Pakistan.

The position of Prime Minister under the 1973 constitution

The Prime Minister under the 1973 constitution is the true executive and head of the Government. The president is simply a constitutional figurehead acting on the advice of the Prime Minister. In fact, he is the true ruler of Pakistan.

Qualifications/characteristics for the position of Prime Minister (PM)

citizen of pakistan

You should be a citizen of Pakistan.
Member of the National Assembly

He should be a member of the National Assembly.
Must not hold any position for profit

You must not hold any lucrative position in the service of Pakistan.
pakistan ideology

You should believe in the ideology of Pakistan.
Mentally and physically fit

You must be mentally and physically fit.

Prime Minister’s appointment

The president, at his discretion, appoints from among the members of the National Assembly the one who has obtained the majority of the members of the chamber.

Prime Minister’s Election

Members of the National Assembly elect the PM, the leader of the majority party. The assembly in its first session elects the president and vice president and then the prime minister. The Prime Minister shall be elected by a majority vote of all the members of the National Assembly.

oath of prime minister

After the election, the prime minister is sworn in in the presence of the president. He declares to be a Muslim and the belief in the purpose of the Prophet (SAWW) promises to act on the Islamic ideology, give presence to the national interest, protect the constitution and be loyal to the country.

Assignments and salary of the P,M.

The Prime Minister receives different allowances and a salary of Rs 56 lakhs.
Term of office

The term of office of PM is five years.

Powers and functions of the PM

The powers and duties of the Prime Minister are as follows:-

Senior Advisor to the President

The prime minister is the chief adviser to the president. The president exercises his functions with the consultation of the prime minister

Cabinet Formation

The Prime Minister, after taking the oath, selects his cabinet. Each minister, individually and the cabinet as a whole, are responsible for their acts before parliament.

National Leader

The prime minister is a national leader. He leads the nation and organizes public opinion in favor of his party.

cabinet leader

The PM is the head of the cabinet. All the work of the minister under the supervision of the PM.

house leader

The PM is the leader of the National Assembly. His proposals are honored in the house. He expresses his views in the Assembly.

Power to confer titles and decorations

The PM has the power to award titles and awards to those who show excellent performance in different fields of life.

Power of appointment.

The prime minister has the power to appoint high-ranking officials with the approval of the president of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. He appoints graduates, ministerial personnel and judges of the Supreme Courts and High Courts. He also appoints the members of the National Finance Commission etc.

financial powers

The PM also deals with financial issues. The budget is prepared under his supervision.

public welfare

The PM works for the public welfare. He takes all possible steps to improve the lifestyle of the people of his country.

Foreign Relations

Foreign policy is prepared under its guidelines. Diplomats are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister.

Power of Legislation

The PM participates in legislation. All procedures are carried out with the consent of the PM. He plays a pivotal role in making laws.

Administrative duties.

The PM performs the administrative function. He is responsible for the smooth running of the country’s affairs. He maintains law and order in the country.

homeland defense

The PM is responsible for the defense of the country. He can take steps to improve the country’s defense system.

Power to dissolve the National Assembly

The prime minister can ask the president to dissolve the national assembly.

party head

The PM is the head of the party. He belongs to the party that has the majority in the house. It has its political significance.

The power to minister ends

The prime minister, if he is not satisfied with his minister’s role, can fire them.

Bridge between the president and the cabinet

The prime minister is a link between the president and the cabinet. The prime minister has a duty to report to the president on the work of the cabinet.

Nation Representative

The PM is the representative of the nation at the international level.
resignation of the prime minister

The PM can present his resignation to the president as and when he wishes. After PM has resigned, all ministers will need to be appointed to office.

Rescission/ Vote of no confidence against the Prime Minister

Under the present procedure, a resolution for a vote of no confidence may be submitted by no less than twenty percent of the total membership of the National Assembly. The resolution may not be voted on before the expiration of three days, from the day on which said resolution was moved in the national assembly.

acting prime minister

In the event of the prime minister’s death, sick leave, resignation, or foreign tour, the chief minister takes care of the job.

Final comments

In summary, it can be said that the PM is the true executive of the country. He has a strong constitutional position. The prime minister is the chief adviser to the president. He is the leader of the house and is elected for a 5-year term. He can be removed from his post by resolution of a motion of censure against him.
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